Us Iraq Security Agreement

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Us Iraq Security Agreement

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Understanding the Importance and Implications of the US Iraq Security Agreement

The US Iraq Security Agreement, also known as the Strategic Framework Agreement for a Relationship of Friendship and Cooperation Between the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq, is a document signed by the two countries in November 2008, which outlines the terms and conditions of their future security and economic cooperation, as well as their political and cultural relations. The agreement is complex and comprehensive, covering various aspects of the bilateral partnership, from military training and counterterrorism to energy and trade. As a professional, I will discuss some key points of the US Iraq Security Agreement, its historical context, and its current status, in order to provide useful information and analysis for readers interested in this topic.

Background and Context

The US Iraq Security Agreement was negotiated between the administrations of President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, following the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the subsequent occupation and reconstruction efforts. The agreement aimed to redefine the US role in Iraq from a military occupier to a strategic partner, with a long-term presence but also respect for Iraqi sovereignty and independence. The agreement was seen as a landmark achievement for the Bush administration, which sought to promote democracy and stability in the Middle East, but also faced criticism from various Iraqi and American groups, who argued that the agreement violated Iraqi sovereignty or threatened US security commitments elsewhere.

The agreement was ratified by the Iraqi parliament in December 2008, after some amendments and debates, and came into force on January 1, 2009, replacing the UN mandate that had authorized the US military presence in Iraq since 2004. The agreement stipulated that the US forces would withdraw from Iraqi cities by June 2009, and from the country by December 2011, unless the two parties agreed to extend or revise the timeline. The agreement also outlined many other aspects of the US Iraq relations, such as the transfer of security responsibilities to the Iraqi forces, the facilitation of joint military exercises and intelligence sharing, the promotion of economic and cultural ties, and the protection of human rights and political freedoms.

Current Status and Implications

The US Iraq Security Agreement has been in effect for more than a decade, and has undergone several changes in its implementation and interpretation, as well as in the broader regional and global context. In 2014, the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) prompted the US to deploy troops again to Iraq, under the pretext of assisting the Iraqi forces in fighting the terrorist group. This new phase of the US involvement in Iraq raised some questions about the legal and political basis of the US Iraq Security Agreement, and led to some tensions between the two countries, especially after the US assassinated Iranian General Qasem Soleimani in Iraq in January 2020, triggering retaliatory strikes from Iran.

Currently, the US Iraq Security Agreement remains in force, but its future is uncertain, as the new Biden administration has signaled a different approach to the US Middle East policy, and has announced plans to review and possibly revise the agreement, in consultation with the Iraqi government and other stakeholders. The implications of such a review or revision could be significant, as they could affect not only the US interests and obligations in Iraq, but also the regional and global security dynamics. Some experts argue that the US should maintain a minimal military presence in Iraq, to deter further attacks from Iran or other hostile forces, but also to support the Iraqi government in its efforts to stabilize the country and promote democracy. Others suggest that the US should withdraw all its troops from Iraq, and focus on diplomatic and economic engagement, as well as on addressing the root causes of instability and violence in the region.


The US Iraq Security Agreement is a crucial document that reflects the complex and evolving nature of the US Iraq relations, and the wider context of the Middle East politics and security. As a professional, I recommend that readers who want to learn more about this topic should consult multiple sources of information, from different perspectives and formats, such as news articles, academic papers, government reports, and expert opinions. By doing so, they can gain a deeper understanding of the importance and implications of the US Iraq Security Agreement, and its role in shaping the future of the US Middle East policy.

By | 2023-07-03T06:47:03+00:00 7월 3rd, 2023|Categories: 미분류|0 Comments

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